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20 Different Types of Wood Used To Make Furniture

  1. Pine

Known to as an inexpensive and lightweight wood, Pine provides low cost material that takes paint well. Their lightweight or softwood nature however, makes them prone to scratches as well as dents.

  1. Ash

On the other hand, ash is a tough hardwood that is quite popular due to its remarkable bending abilities. As such, it is often used as bentwoods as well as with bent furniture that is in need of maxim strength and durability.

  1. Cherry

Another hardwood classification is Cherry which is known for its fine, straight grain that ranges from reddish brown to blond. Often used for carved chairs making them a relatively expensive choice as a furniture material.

  1. Cedar

The western red variety is considered to be the most common type of Cedar. It has a soft, straight grain and aromatic properties. Furniture, decks and building exteriors is what Cedar is mostly used for.

  1. Basswood

Heading to the hardwood category, you will see the Basswood which is a common type of hardwood that is oftentimes used with other types of rare woods such as walnut and mahogany.

  1. Maple

Maple has the advantage of being one of the hardest wood species that possess a creamy white that sometimes has a reddish tinge. As such, this type of wood is popular for heavy items such as dressers and kitchen cabinets.

  1. Fir

Often used for building, Fir possesses a straight, pronounced grain, and has a reddish brown tint to it.

  1. Redwood

Redwood is best used for outdoor projects due to its resistance to moisture and is often compared to cedar.

  1. Birch

You will find Birch in two variants: white and yellow. Birch is fairly popular especially since it is readily available and is considered to be less expensive than other hardwoods.

  1. Oak

This type of hardwood tends to be a bit grainy having two variants: red and white oak. It is often used in Arts and Crafts with its durability.

  1. Walnut

Oftentimes used for head boards, antique style dining tables and mantles, Walnut is a straight grained hardwood which is typically clear coated or oiled to bring its true color.

  1. Mahogany

Often referred to as one of the great furniture woods, Mahogany is able to take stains quite well having a reddish-brown to deep-red tint, a straight grain, medium texture.

  1. Gum

Veneers in conjunction with rare woods are what Gum is often used in. Its price is moderate to low having an even brown with a reddish cast color.

  1. Elm

Another popular hardwood due to its remarkable bending qualities, Elm flexibility can be seen as it is used in all types of furniture.

  1. Poplar

If you are looking for a less expensive wood, is something that you may want to consider. It is relatively soft and easy to handle.

  1. Teak

Teak is admired due to its high weather resistant properties which makes it a staple for fine outdoor furniture.

  1. Hickory

Another hardwood variant that is known for its strength, hardness, and toughness, Hickory is used on some veneers, rockers and lawn furniture.

  1. Lauan

This hardwood shares a resemblance with mahogany because they look very much alike. Its red variant is more expensive compared to the white one.

  1. Pecan

Dining and office furniture is what Pecan is used extensively in having a moderate price.

  1. Sycamore

This hardwood offers strong resistance to splitting making them a favorite for butcher blocks and are used in inexpensive furniture.